Uterine fibroids are non-cancerous growths in the uterus (womb). Uterine fibroids can grow on the inside of the uterus, in the muscle wall of the uterus, or on the outer surface of the uterus. Uterine fibroids can make it difficult for you to get pregnant and can cause repeated miscarriages. You might want to read fibroids miracle to know more about how to prevent or treat uterine fibroids.
Uterine fibroids are classified according to their location in your uterus:
– Intracavitary – Almost entirely in the uterine cavity.
– Intramural or Intramiommetrial – All in the uterine muscle.
– Pedunculated – Attached to the surface of the uterus through a stalk (a thin connecting tube).
– Submucous – Partially in the uterine cavity, which arises from the wall of the uterine cavity.
– Subserous – protrudes outside the uterus, with a base on the outer surface of the uterus
The cause of Uterine Fibroids is not certain, but the following factors may be involved:
– Genetic changes – Related to close family members who have this condition.
– Hormones – The two female sex hormones, estrogen, and progesterone, can trigger fibroid growth; fibroids often shrink after menopause due to reduced hormones.
– Other growth factors – Substances that help the body maintain tissue, for example, growth factors such as insulin.
– Feeling pressure or discomfort in the lower abdomen or pelvis.
– Acute or chronic abdominal pain and mild, but persistent pain somewhere.
– Persistent back pain – fibroids can put pressure on the muscles and nerves of your lower back.
Difficulty passing stools – rectal pressure from the fibroids can cause a feeling of ‘full’
– Discomfort or pain during sexual intercourse – this should be communicated to your doctor.
– Excessive vaginal bleeding, bleeding blood clots, or very long menstrual periods.
– Often have to urinate or can’t urinate even though the bladder is full.
Treatment will be decided based on your age, your overall health condition, and your medical history, fibroid size, and your desire to become pregnant in the future. Therapy includes:
– Abdominal hysterectomy – surgery to remove the uterus through the stomach.
– Abdominal myomectomy to remove fibroids from the uterus through the stomach.
– Endometrial ablation and resection to remove the uterine lining.
– Hormone therapy